Guide to taking geranium cuttings
When to take geranium cuttings
You can take geranium cuttings anytime during spring, summer or autumn, but early spring and late summer will give you the healthiest cuttings. Cuttings taken during spring will provide you with flowers during the summer, whilst cuttings taken later in the year will flower the following summer.
How to take geranium cuttings / techniques
- Identify a healthy shoot to take your cutting from, preferably one that isn't flowering, although these can be removed if need be.
- Using a sharp knife or secateurs, take the cutting just above the leaf node. The cutting should be around three to four inches in length. Cutting above the leaf node prevents damage to the plant and allows the shoot to continue growing after the cutting has been taken.
- Once the cutting has been removed, tidy it up ready to be planted. Make sure that you leave at least two leaves at the top of the cutting but remove any lower leaves that could cause rot or any large leaves that will be a drain on the cutting's energy. Leaves can be easily removed by hand by gently pulling them back towards the bottom of the cutting.
- If you've taken a cutting with flowers or buds, remove these by hand or with your secateurs.
- Remove any additional leaf nodes and stipules (small scale like growths below the leaf nodes).
- Make sure the stem isn't too long; trim it slightly below the leaf node.
Planting your geranium cuttings
If you're planting your cuttings individually, a pot with a three inch width will be sufficient or if you'ÃÂre using the same pot for multiple cuttings, choose one around six inches wide.
Fill your plant pot with seed or cutting compost. If you can't find either of these, use a mixture of sharp sand and compost which will help aid draining.
Around the edges of the plant pot, make one inch holes (a quarter of the length of the cutting) with your finger or a pencil. Gently place your cuttings into the holes. You should be able to fit around five or six cuttings into a pot.
Lightly water your cuttings in, being careful not to over water at this stage.
Find a warm place, out of direct sunlight to sit your cuttings. Ideally place your cuttings on a heating mat or in a propagator. If you don't have either of these you can cover the plant pot with a clear plastic bag. This will act as a mini propagator and prevent evaporation.
Depending on the variety, after a few weeks you should notice new growth at the top of your cutting. This is a sign that the roots are developing. If your cutting stays in place when gently tugged, it means your cutting has developed roots and is ready to plant on.